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孔雀东南飞

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发表于 2021-2-14 15:49:23 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
孔雀东南飞
古时候,江西庐江府一带有一对夫妻,男的叫做焦仲卿,女的叫做兰芝。他们两人相亲相爱,如胶似漆。但是,焦母却不喜欢儿媳妇,逼她离婚,兰芝没有办法,被她婆婆休回家,娘家人又不理解,逼她再嫁,兰芝遂投水而死。焦仲卿听到这个消息,亦自缢身亡。
我现在就给大家讲一讲这个凄婉的吧。
兰芝是一个聪明贤良的媳妇,小时候就学会了织布、缝衣、弹琴、吟诗作画。十七岁那年,她就嫁给了焦仲卿,婚后,焦仲卿在庐江府当了一个小官。他虽然深深地爱着自己的妻子,但是没有耽误过公事。兰芝虽然深深地爱着自己的丈夫,也没有因为自己的丈夫不在身边而不守贞操妇道。兰芝在家织布,昼夜不停,三天就能织十五匹,可是,她的婆婆还是嫌她慢了,时时骂她,还扬言要把她赶回娘家去。
焦仲卿听到这个消息,便劝解自己的母亲说:我的命苦,幸喜讨了一个好媳妇。我们的感情很好,她的行为又正派,在您的面前也孝顺,您为什么老是不喜欢她呢?焦母说:你别固执,这个女子不懂礼,不尽孝,我早就不喜欢她了。你怎么可以坚持自己的意见,还为她说好话呢?我娘家邻居有一个好女子,名叫秦罗敷,生得非常漂亮。你休了兰芝,我立即就为你去提亲。你就听娘的话,把兰芝休了吧!焦仲卿跪在焦母足下说:您若现在把兰芝赶走,我就再也不讨亲了!焦母听后大怒:你这小子,竟敢为那女子说话。我对她早已失去了感情,也绝不答应你的要求!
焦仲卿没有办法,他哭着对兰芝说:贤妹,不是我不爱你,也不是我不要你,是我母亲要赶你出家门。你就让一让,暂时回娘家住一阵子吧。过几天后,我一定到府上来接你。接着,他又诚心实意地说:好妹妹,你要知道我的心意啊!兰芝说:你不要再找麻烦了,当初,我嫁到你家时,婆婆怎么说,我就怎么做,从来就没有违拗过她。常常是一个人孤孤单单的,没日没夜地干活,我以为自己没什么错,尽心尽意地报答婆婆的教养之恩。可还是要被赶走,说什么再来呢?接着兰芝指着自己留下的物件对焦仲卿说:仲君,这是我的绣花枕头、花被子和香料袋子,还有许多梳妆品,丝绳都放在箱子里,这些东西不配做新娘子的用具,留给你做一个纪念吧!
次日拂晓,兰芝就起床打扮了。她穿了一套最漂亮的绣花衣服,戴了一顶最好看的帽子,搽了一些胭脂水粉。本来就漂亮的兰芝一经打扮就显得格外好看。她妆扮完毕,便上堂拜别婆婆,她谦虚地说:我是一个乡下女人,自小没有受到良好的教养,不配做您的儿媳妇,只是我在你家枉受用了许多钱帛。我走了,您一个人操持家务,我放心不下。说完,她又走到小妹的身边,抚摸着小妹的头说:妹啊,我初来时,你还是一个小孩;现在,你跟我一样高了。我走后,你要在母亲身边多孝顺,多做一些家务事情。妹啊,我们姑嫂今后再也不能在一起了, 乞巧 和 阳会 的时候,你可别忘了我啊!说完,兰芝地踏上了归途。
焦仲卿赶着车,一路送兰芝回家,他悲愤不已。这么好的媳妇为什么就要遭到驱赶呢?于是,他对兰芝说,只要我俩坚决不分离就是了,过几天后我一定来接你。兰芝听到丈夫如此钟爱自己的声音,又想起昔日夫妻之间甜蜜的,不由得动心地说:好吧,你就做一块坚强的磐石,我就做一根坚韧的蒲苇吧。最后,兰芝告诉焦仲卿,她娘家哥哥生性蛮横,只怕他不会答应。
兰芝回到家里,受到了母亲的责难,当她把真相告诉母亲后,母亲也悲痛起来。
十天后,县长派人做媒来到兰芝的家里,要把兰芝介绍给县长的三公子做媳妇,兰芝婉言拒绝了。
又过了几天,府里来了一位官员,也是来给兰芝说媒的。要把兰芝介绍给丞相的五公子做媳妇。兰芝和她的母亲都不愿意。但是,兰芝的哥哥怒发冲冠地对兰芝说:你想明白啊,府上丞相的公子总比一个小小的官吏焦仲卿强点吧,现摆的荣华富贵你为何不去享呢?再说,焦仲卿那种无礼和态度,你还可以回去吗?兰芝无奈哥哥的逼迫,只好答应了。
那媒人高兴地把这件事告诉了府丞相,丞相十分高兴,择个良辰吉日,备好了丰厚的聘礼,准备热热闹闹办一场喜事。
婚期的头一天,母亲看到兰芝依然穿着素常的衣裳,脸上有悲伤的泪珠,心里很不安。她怕兰芝变卦,于是,逼着女儿妆扮起来。
焦仲卿听到兰芝再嫁的消息,便请假到兰芝家来探听虚实。兰芝听到前夫惯骑的嘶鸣声,知是前夫来了,连忙出门迎接。兰芝告诉焦仲卿,她的母亲和兄长逼她再嫁,明天就要成亲。焦仲卿听后,黯然失色,他悲痛地对兰芝说:祝贺你啊,人往高处走,鸟往亮处飞嘛!兰芝听到前夫这么揶揄她,满腔委屈化作一眶泪水,哀怨地说:咱俩的命一样苦啊,在黄泉下相会吧!
焦仲卿回到家里,家里的一切都显得凄凉悲哀,兰芝的旧物就在他的眼前,兰芝那哀怨的泪水就在眼前,他想,兰芝是一个多么善良的好人啊。焦仲卿下决心自杀,要与兰芝在阴间相会,他把这个想法告诉了母亲,母亲好言相劝,儿子一概不作理会。
知府办喜事那天,家里张灯结彩,热闹非凡。可是,兰芝和焦仲卿则感到这个世界如此凄凉肃杀,他俩绝望了,怀着对礼教的愤怒的控诉,兰芝投水而死,焦仲卿上吊身亡。
悲剧就发生在那个遥远的世纪。
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